Bara Mï¿½ E Rï¿½ndï¿½ E UnmikUt Nï¿½ Kosovï¿½
Qasja Ndaj Ndarjes Sï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½s
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Pï¿½RMBLEDHJE EKZEKUTIVE DHE REKOMANDIME
Tre vjet pas themelimit tï¿½ tij, UNMIKu ende nuk ka mundur tï¿½ krijojï¿½ njï¿½ mjedis tï¿½ sigurtï¿½, sundim tï¿½ ligjit apo njï¿½ administratï¿½ civile tï¿½ mirï¿½filltï¿½ nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½n veriore. Ndarja de facto e qytetit, si edhe strukturat paralele tï¿½ drejtuara nga Beogradi qï¿½ veprojnï¿½ nï¿½ veri tï¿½ Ibrit, pï¿½rbï¿½jnï¿½ njï¿½ njollï¿½ tï¿½ errï¿½t nï¿½ historinï¿½ e bashkï¿½sisï¿½ ndï¿½rkombï¿½tare nï¿½ Kosovï¿½. Kjo ve njï¿½ pikï¿½pyetje mbi pï¿½rkushtimin e Serbisï¿½ dhe RFJsï¿½ ndaj qï¿½ndrueshmï¿½risï¿½ rajonale dhe, gjithashtu, dï¿½mton besueshmï¿½rinï¿½ e UNMIKut ballï¿½ shqiptarï¿½ve tï¿½ Kosovï¿½s.
UNMIKu dhe trupat e KFORit drejtuar nga NATO, duhet tï¿½ veprojnï¿½ fuqimisht pï¿½r tï¿½ vendosur legjitimitetin e tyre nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½. Nï¿½ tï¿½ kundï¿½rt, faktorï¿½t vendorï¿½ do tï¿½ arrijnï¿½ nï¿½ pï¿½rfundimin se bashkï¿½sia ndï¿½rkombï¿½tare mund tï¿½ zbrapset ballï¿½ ushtrimit tï¿½ forcï¿½s apo rrezikut tï¿½ ushtrimit tï¿½ saj; se Rezoluta 1244 do tï¿½ mund tï¿½ ndryshohej ballï¿½ presionit tï¿½ vendorï¿½ve; dhe se statusi pï¿½rfundimtar apo tï¿½ paktï¿½n disa pjesï¿½ tï¿½ tij, do tï¿½ mund tï¿½ zgjidheshin pï¿½rmes dhunï¿½s.
Serbï¿½t e Mitrovicï¿½s janï¿½ kthyer nï¿½ pengje tï¿½ lojï¿½s nacionaliste tï¿½ luajtur nga Beogradi dhe pengje tï¿½ krimit tï¿½ organizuar. Ndï¿½rkohï¿½, paqartï¿½sia e vazhdueshme qï¿½ rrethon synimet e bashkï¿½sisï¿½ ndï¿½rkombï¿½tare, u mundï¿½son ithtarï¿½ve tï¿½ vijï¿½s sï¿½ ashpï¿½r mes etnisï¿½ shqiptare tï¿½ spekulojnï¿½ me frikï¿½n se synimi i fshehtï¿½ i bashkï¿½sisï¿½ ndï¿½rkombï¿½tare ï¿½shtï¿½ copï¿½timi, si i Mitrovicï¿½s po ashtu edhe i krejt provincï¿½s.
Bashkï¿½sia ndï¿½rkombï¿½tare duhet tï¿½ tregojï¿½ se ka njï¿½ strategji tï¿½ qartï¿½ pï¿½r zgjidhjen e ï¿½ï¿½shtjes sï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½s e qï¿½ mbi tï¿½ gjitha ajo ï¿½shtï¿½ e zellshme ta zgjidhï¿½ kï¿½tï¿½ problem.
Ky raport propozon njï¿½ qasje tï¿½ shumï¿½fishtï¿½ qï¿½ pï¿½rfshin presionin ndaj Beogradit pï¿½r tï¿½ respektuar detyrimet e tij ndaj Kosovï¿½s ,veprime energjike pï¿½r vendosjen e rendit nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½ dhe ofrimin e posteve nï¿½ strukturat e qeverisjes vendore ndaj serbï¿½ve qï¿½ jetojnï¿½ nï¿½ kï¿½tï¿½ qytet.
REKOMANDIME
Pï¿½R BASHKï¿½SINï¿½ NDï¿½RKOMBï¿½TARE:
1. Merreni seriozisht problemin e Mitrovicï¿½s dhe ndikimin e Beogradit nï¿½ destabilizimin e qytetit, dhe sigurohuni qï¿½ Beogradi tï¿½i zbatojï¿½ premtimet duke ushtruar mbi tï¿½ tï¿½ njï¿½jtin presion si atï¿½ tï¿½ ushtruar pï¿½r sigurimin e bashkï¿½punimit tï¿½ Beogradit me Gjyqin e Hagï¿½s (GjH).
2. Mos lejoni anï¿½tarï¿½simin e RFJsï¿½ (apo ndonjï¿½ pasardhï¿½si tï¿½ saj) nï¿½ Kï¿½shillin e Europï¿½s, nï¿½ Partneritetin pï¿½r Paqe tï¿½ NATOs dhe nï¿½ Marrï¿½veshje StabilizimAsocimi me BEnï¿½, derisa ajo ta ndalï¿½ mbï¿½shtetjen ndaj strukturave paralele dhe tï¿½ marï¿½ pjesï¿½ nï¿½ pï¿½rpjekjet e UNMIKut pï¿½r themelimin e administratï¿½s civile nï¿½ provincï¿½.
3. Kushtï¿½zojeni mbï¿½shtetjen e drejtpï¿½rdrejtï¿½ tï¿½ donatorï¿½ve pï¿½r buxhetin e Serbisï¿½ me ndï¿½rprerjen e mbï¿½shtetjes financiare tï¿½ Beogradit ndaj strukturave paralele nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½n veriore nï¿½ Kosovï¿½.
Pï¿½R BEOGRADIN:
4. Pï¿½rkushtojuni tï¿½rï¿½sisï¿½ teritoriale tï¿½ komunï¿½s sï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½s dhe autoritetit administrativ dhe policor tï¿½ UNMIKut, ku pï¿½rfshihet trupa shumï¿½etnike e Shï¿½rbimit Policor tï¿½ Kosovï¿½s (ShPK) dhe eliminoni ï¿½do pï¿½rkrahje ndaj strukturave paralele.
Pï¿½R UNMIKUN:
5. Zbatoni nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½ tï¿½ njï¿½jtat standarte si nï¿½ pjesï¿½t e tjera tï¿½ Kosovï¿½s dhe pï¿½rpiquni tï¿½ siguroheni qï¿½ sundimi i ligjit, siguria e pakicave, dhe institucionet publike efektive dhe transparente tï¿½ shtrihen edhe nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½n veriore.
6. Ndï¿½rmjetï¿½soni nï¿½ mï¿½nyrï¿½ qï¿½ para zgjedhjeve komunale tï¿½ tetorit 2002 tï¿½ arrihet njï¿½ marrï¿½veshje mes Mitrovicï¿½s veriore dhe Komunï¿½s, nï¿½ tï¿½ cilï¿½n tï¿½ pï¿½rcaktohen shï¿½rbimet qï¿½ do tï¿½i ofrohen pjesï¿½s veriore, tï¿½ njehï¿½sohen qartï¿½ pï¿½rgjegjï¿½sitï¿½ e pjesï¿½s veriore pï¿½r lehtï¿½simin e ofrimit tï¿½ kï¿½tyre shï¿½rbimeve, dhe tï¿½ themelohet njï¿½ zonï¿½ me administrim special pï¿½r njï¿½ periudhï¿½ njï¿½vjeï¿½are nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½n veriore me qï¿½llim mbikqyrjen e kï¿½saj marrï¿½veshjeje pï¿½r shï¿½rbime.
7. Krijoni njï¿½ komitet bashkï¿½rendues tï¿½ pï¿½rbï¿½rï¿½ nga pï¿½rfaqï¿½sues serbï¿½ nga Mitrovica veriore, nga pï¿½rfaqï¿½sues shqiptarï¿½ tï¿½ komunï¿½s dhe pï¿½rfaqï¿½sues tï¿½ UNMIKut, tï¿½ cilï¿½t do tï¿½ mbikqyrin kï¿½tï¿½ proces.
8. Pï¿½rpiquni tï¿½ tï¿½rhiqni faktorï¿½t udhï¿½heqï¿½s mes shqiptarï¿½ve tï¿½ Kosovï¿½s duke shpallur publikisht planet pï¿½r Mitrovicï¿½n veriore dhe duke bashkï¿½punuar me Institucionet e Pï¿½rkohshme tï¿½ Vetï¿½qeverisjes sï¿½ provincï¿½s.
Pï¿½R POLICINï¿½ E UNMIKUT:
9. Sï¿½ bashku me KFORin, arrestoni anï¿½tarï¿½t e rojeve serbe tï¿½ urï¿½s nï¿½ bazï¿½ tï¿½ provave pï¿½rkatï¿½se pï¿½r aktivitet kriminal, dhe paralelisht ushtroni goditje mbi aktivitetet kriminale nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½n veriore.
10. Krijoni ShPKnï¿½ edhe nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½n veriore, duke hedhur poshtï¿½ kï¿½rkesat serbe pï¿½r njï¿½ uniformï¿½ tï¿½ ndryshme, por duke mundï¿½suar njï¿½ pjesï¿½ tï¿½ trajnimit nï¿½ pjesï¿½n veriore nï¿½se klasat do tï¿½ jenï¿½ shumï¿½etnike dhe pjesï¿½n mï¿½ tï¿½ gjatï¿½ tï¿½ trajnimit nï¿½ Shkollï¿½n e Policisï¿½.
Pï¿½R KFORIN:
11. Qarkullojeni KFORin francez edhe diku tjetï¿½r pos nï¿½ Mitrovicï¿½, nï¿½ vijim tï¿½ procesit komandues rotativ.
12. Mbï¿½shtetni UNMIKun duke mbikqyrur shpï¿½rbï¿½rjen e strukturave paralele, kufirin mes Kosovï¿½s e Serbisï¿½, si edhe duke mundï¿½suar siguri pï¿½r aktivitetet e UNMIKut nï¿½ veri tï¿½ Kosovï¿½s dhe Mitrovicï¿½s.
Pï¿½R SERBï¿½T E KOSOVï¿½S:
13. Pï¿½rkushtojuni publikisht njï¿½ marrï¿½veshjeje pï¿½r shï¿½rbime me Komunï¿½n e Mitrovicï¿½s, pranojeni tï¿½rï¿½sinï¿½ teritoriale tï¿½ komunï¿½s dhe tï¿½ drejtï¿½n pï¿½r kthimin e tï¿½ gjitha bashkï¿½sive.
Pï¿½R SHQIPTARï¿½T E KOSOVï¿½S:
14. Pï¿½rmes marrï¿½veshjes pï¿½r shï¿½rbime, pranoni publikisht barazinï¿½ e serbï¿½ve qï¿½ jetojnï¿½ nï¿½ pjesï¿½n veriore, rrethanat e tyre specifike, tï¿½ drejtï¿½n e tï¿½ gjitha bashkï¿½sive pï¿½r tï¿½u kthyer dhe mundï¿½soni qï¿½ serbï¿½t tï¿½ kenï¿½ trajtim tï¿½ barabartï¿½.
Prishtinï¿½/Beograd/Bruksel, 3 qershor 2002
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