Indonesia's Presidential Crisis: The Second Round
President Abdurrahman Wahid’s chances of retaining office suffered another setback when the parliament [DPR] took the next step in the dismissal process by adopting a “second memorandum” on 30 April 2001. The process began on 1 February when the DPR adopted its “first memorandum” accusing the president of violating his presidential oath and failing to take vigorous measures to suppress corruption. The second memorandum declared simply that the president had failed to heed the first memorandum and, in accordance with the constitutional process, gave him a further month to respond. If the president fails to satisfy the DPR within one month, the DPR has the authority to call a special session of the People’s Consultative Assembly [MPR] to consider his dismissal. Both memoranda received support from all the major parties except the president’s own National Awakening Party [PKB]. In the second vote, however, the 38 non-elected members of the Military/Police group opted to abstain in contrast to their support for the first memorandum.