Following the withdrawal of UN forces in 1995, Somalia has become the source of growing global interest because of the war on terrorism. Although the civil war which racked the country throughout the 1990s is now over, the country still lacks a central government and is plagued by numerous localised conflicts between rival militia groups backed by regional powers. Moreover, these battles threaten to escalate into large-scale bloodshed between allies of the Transitional National Government (TNG) and their rivals, those associated with the Somali Restoration and Reconciliation Council (SRRC).
Sudan lingers as one of the world's longest running and most intractable conflicts. With a devastating toll of death and destruction in its wake, the Sudanese civil war has often left a divided international community looking painfully ineffectual as it gropes to push the warring parties toward a meaningful peace process.